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has stressed that the role of the u.s. military would be limited in time and scope. our mission has been to use america's unique capabilities to create the conditions for the no-fly zone and to assist in meeting urgent humanitarian needs. as expected, we're already seeing a significant reduction in the number of u.s. planes involved in our operations as the number planes from other countries increase in numbers. today we are taking the next step. we have agreed, along with our nato allies, to transition command and control for the no-fly zone over libya to nato. all 28 allies have also now authorized military authorities to develop an operations plan for nato to take on the broader civilian protection mission under resolution 1973. nato is well-suited to coordinate this international effort and ensuring that all participating nations are working effectively together toward our shared goals. this coalition includes countries beyond nato including arab partners, and we expect all of them to be providing important political guidance going forward. we have always said that arab leer lea
republican candidate mike huckabee is confused about where the current president grew up. but first, the u.s. is closer to the crisis in libya. tonight two u.s. warships are heading for the waters off libya although for now he says it's not to fight. >> we'll be enter the mediterranean shortly. it will provide us a capability for both emergency evacuations. >> moammar gadhafi is trying as hard as he can to hold onto power. pro-gadhafi troops tried and failed to retake a town neurotripoli currently under rebel control. and one of gadhafi's sons tells cnn the government is trying to talk with the rebels, but the rebel leadership is in chaos. let's start with cnn's international correspondent, ben wedeman, who is in rebel-held city benghazi. the former libyan interior minister says the noose is tightening around gadhafi's neck. tell us where have you gone and what have you seen? >> we headed sort of in the direction of tripoli. what we've seen is that the noose isn't necessarily tightening around gadhafi's neck. it's clear the opposition is in firm control of this part of the country, but if yo
that it will be brief. he will be speaking from the u.s. army right here in the nation's cap tell and speaking to a country that has mixed feelings about the third military intervention in the past decade and not to convince that this mission has a clear goal or exit strategy. the commander in chief will be speaking about how long and decision to intervening here and the united states and violence against demonstrators in bahrain, syria, another hot spot in the middle east. wolf blitzer will rejoin us before and after the president's big address, including anderson cooper as well as reports from inside experience team and great experience team of analysts. let's begin on the ground in libya. we'll check out the map. one clear result if you take a close look at the air strikes and remove here, i want to go back to march 18th. the day before the strikes began, the day before, you can see right here in red, these were towns just before, just before the strikes began. controlled red meaning controlled by the regime. look where we are today. controlled green. that is controlled by the opposition. t
evening, everyone. tonight anti-aircraft flyers echo in tripoli as the u.s. and its allies attack moammar gadhafi's infrastructure. the anti-gadhafi opposition collective bargainingates the intervention but says it needs more help including more air strikes as it tries to retake key cities in eastern libya. president obama said regime change in libya is his personal goal but the president stresses it's not an objective of the military campaign and says the united states is already stepping back into more of a support role and letting other countries police the no fly zone. >> because it relieves the burden on our military, and relieves the burden on u.s. taxpayers to fulfill what is an international mission and not simply a u.s. mission. >> but some leading members of congress complain the president hasn't spelled out a clear mission and say they aren't so sure the fight will be as short as the white house hopes. >> we taught declare war. take a vote. take responsibility. the american people will find this has a long lasting tinge to it, very expense civilian tinge to it. >> more from sen
, briefing them to a conference call about the u.s. nato's agreement to take charge of the no-fly zone. over at the pentagon, a top adral haa story that may indicate colonel gadhafi is getting desperate. >> we received reports today that he has taken to armying what he calls volunteers to fight opposition. i'm not sure whether they truly are volunteers or not and i of these ow many recruits he's going to get but i find it interesting that he may now feel it necessary to seek civilian reinforcements. >> reporter: turning nowo the libyan capital, we're joined by cnn senior correspondent nick robertn who is in tripoli. hi, nick. libyan officials, we understand, took you to eastern tripoli today and showed you theon effes of the coalition bombing campaign. what did you see when you were on the outskirts of the city? >> reporter: well, they wanted to show us civilian casualties which they weren't able to. sho us. they took to us a farm that appeared, part of the farmland area had been struck by a missile. we couldn't tell where the missile had come from or even who had fired it. what we saw when
the reason why things have changed overnight here is because up until, you know, this morning, the u.s. nuclear regulatory commission said japan is taking the right steps, in agreement with the way japan was handling it and have come out and as you have said have been downplaying the situation, haven't been giving all the information that they think should be available. so what we know is that these workers have to cool these plants, these reactors, these spent fuel rods if they're exposed for too long, they emit radioactivity, radioactive material so that is the danger. water cannons are being brought in to pump and spray water. that is something they have said will take place. they had planned to bring helicopters over and dump water into these pools, but that was scrapped because of high winds and high levels of radiation. now, john, there are some 180 workers, it started off with a skeleton workers of just 50. it has increased to 180 workers. they are inside that plant battling explosion, battling fires and trying desperately to pump that water in and they are the people who are tr
and involving u.s. forcesize dramatically higher tonight. earlier today libya's government responded to a tough new united nations resolution authorizing military strikes and said it would agree to a cease-fire in its struggle against opposition forces. but within hours there was ample evidence, including i'm told u.s. intelligence images, that the fighting continues. tonight the white house says gadhafi is in violation of that resolution already and the libyan dictator is left to mull this stern warning from the president of the united states. >> if gadhafi does not comply with the resolution, the international community will impose consequences and the resolution will be enforced through military action. >> tonight the united kingdom and france say they are moving warplanes into the region and qatar and the united arab emirates are promising to join the anti-gadhafi coalition as well. president obama was another mand, no u.s. ground forces would be involved, but u.s. officials say a number of u.s. military and intelligence assets are part of this new effort, including awacs and refueling plan
american fighters jets are active at the moment, u.s. pilots flew 113 of the 175 coalition air sorties yesterday, for example, that u.s. role will shrink dramatically in the next few days leaving others to decide on military targeting. on the ground all public signals from the regime suggest continued defiance and continued attacks on the opposition. but here's the intriguing nugget. senior u.s. officials tell cnn tonight that some members of gadhafi's inner circle are reaching out to the state department and reaching out to other arab nations, as well. curious contacts to say the least but as yet our sources tell us no indication gadhafi himself is looking to negotiate an exit strategy. >> i think there are any number of possible outcomes here, and no one is in a position to predict them. whether they're -- whether there are major further defections or divisions within his family, there are a variety of possibilities that seems to me. >> a variety of possibilities but listen here, secretary gates isn't betting on a peaceful settlement. >> gadhafi has basically sworn that he will show
nations tonight. richards? >> john, u.s. ambassador to the u.n. susan rice said the people of libya should be the ones to decide the future of looib ya. now the international community after the resolution is going to try to give them a military backing, possible. it passed 10 to none with five abstentions. germany saying it is worried about what will happen with the no-fly zone. even though, john, the resolution says there will be, quote, no foreign occupation. a fallout from the huge controversy in the iraq war runup. john? >> and you mentioned no use of vetoes. china and russia were hesitant if not reluctant to do this, but they decide nod the end not to get in the way. >> yes. brazil and india also joining in. they didn't want to stand in the way. they usually come to the aid of the arab community. it was the arab league vote to ask and plead for a no-fly zone that really changed the tenur of things. the u.s. may have worked the maneuvering magic behind a low-key profile. a lot of focus on no-fly. now under the term all necessary measures, there could be air strikes. there could be att
in u.s. custody. people very much wanting to express their gratitude to the international community, realizing that these servicemen from all of the nations involved in the coalition are taking a great risk to keep the people of libya safe, john. >> arwa damon reporting. thanks. >>> you heard arwa talking about how opposition wants more help. as i told you at the top of the show, cnn is interviewing the president in el salvador, president obama. that interview has just wrapped up. he said his administration is trying to find ways to help the opposition. we'll run that tape as soon as it feeds in. the president is also trying to settle a bit of a family feud aamong the coalition partners. these are all the air bases across europe, into italy, close nearby that the united states, the uk, denmark, canada, france have all used in recent days to fly missions into libya to enforce the no-fly zone and launch those strikes. there's a big, big debate about how this alliance should move going forward. the president spoke to the british prime minister and the french president. aides say some p
this offensive. john? >> ben wedeman in eastern libya. ben, thank you. >>> the united states will not be giving u.s. or nato help at least in the short term. but a television report does suggest that the nato is trying to provide some form of assistance to the gadhafi fighters. what you are about to hear is the voice of the u.s. ambassador to libya and he is talking to a key member of the opposition. >> what equipment or other support do you need? >> cnn reporter joins us. it appears here the u.s. ambassador to libya trying to offer some sort of assistance to the opposition? >> john, it's very interesting, ask we do have confirmation that such a phone call did take place from the military council. that is, of course, headed by marahidi. we don't know details of the conversation other than what was aired on that clip on libyan television. but it is interesting, and most certainly a positive development, that the u.s. does appear to be reaching out to members of the military council of the national council as well, and that is exactly what opposition leaders here have been looking for, that sort of o
direct military options now be on the table? we are told tonight there are some u.s. military assets already in the mediterranean, and two more powerful navy ships not too far away down here in the red sea. the military debate, in just a moment. but first, let's begin with a firsthand assessment of gadhafi's grip on power, if not reality. our senior international correspondent, nic robertson, is in tripoli. nic, let's just start right there, in a stalemate with gadhafi in charge of tripoli, i'm going to show our viewers here a bit of this control. you see the difference. the green area controlled by opposition forces, the red area definitely controlled by gadhafi. the question becomes, nic, resolve. how deep is the opposition? how deep is its resolve to keep fighting? >> reporter: well, the government says its resolve to keep on going is strong. they say that they actually control three quarters of the country and they say, on top of that, if there are any inside that three quarters that the opposition has, it's tiny, tiny pockets, not the reverse. of course, that's not the reality,
, one possibility an all-out u.s. assault. that i think the president doesn't want to do, promised the nation he wouldn't do that but how do you turn this thing around on the ground? and there's no -- increasingly, the pessimism is setting in on that front. so it's the other alternative. we don't yet see regime change, but as you just reported we've now seen a regime crack and the biggest -- the best bet for the administration increasingly is the regime will crack from within. >> the question there, david, does gadhafi see the defection of a long-term close comfortanf and say i need to read that tea leave as go or lash out and then the question is what happens? and to your point about, you know, maybe the president is being advised he needs to do more than this but now they're telling congress, $40 million a week which is a lot of money but in the scope of a big military intervention a lot less money than iraq or afghanistan. if they commit to that backseat role but then gadhafi sits there, don't they need could to come back and say never mind, we need to up this? >> yeah, i think
, it is simply going to be too late. >> arwa damon in benghazi, thanks. >>> u.s. nato military involvement is at least days away. we're told this tonight. nato says it has assets in place to track all air traffic in libya, meaning it can build a case against the gadhafi regime if it continues to use air power against the anti-regime forces. but what comes next remains a hotly debated question. let's get perspective from david gergen who has advised four american presidents. let me start there, david. when you're in the oval office talking to a president who is about to consider a commitment of u.s. military forces, this president, he has been the commander in chief for nearly two years. he inherited iraq and afghanistan. yes, he made a big decision to redo the strategy in afghanistan, but he has never begun would could become a war. >> right. he has never initiated a war. and that's owls a hard call to pull that trigger. and cnn is reporting that one of the things weighing on the president, it's easy to get in. how do you get out. they don't know quite who the opposition. they're trying to
and a large nato or u.s. force to do that. >> no way to keep the pilots safe unless you take that out zlchlt that will trir jammers. it will require all kinds of other support aircraft to do it. >> here's why they want it taken out. these are russian fighter jets. how do you ground these? know thouz are acts of war. it has to take a coordinated effort if it's going to happen at all with nato and other nations cooperating to make this happen. it's not an easy task. you need to know what you're going in for before you go in. >> you need to know what you're going in for. i want to close this down and just show some of the weapons that have come in from the united states. i'm sorry. some of the things that have come from the united states. you say you need a lot. they pass through suez canal. these are up other assets. mostly smaller ships, one carrier group in the suez canal. you can do some no-fly zone off a carrier. if you want to do it aggressi aggressively, you would have to use the same places you were in bosnia. >> it's the southernmost base. we have u.s. air base there. the italians let
of president obama's nationally televised promise that the u.s. military role in libya would be of limited time and limited scope. is that a promise the president can keep if his end game requires gadhafi to go? our senior analyst david gergen is with us, he's advised four u.s. presidents. david, the timing here is horrible for the administration. you can't score this based on one day, but the president of the united states addresses the american people last night and addresses the world. he says the american involvement will be of limited time, of limited scope, and then the day after, the day after, the opposition forces, with whom he has thrown his lot, get routed on the battle field. what's the choice the president faces? >> very difficult choice, john. with the rebels in retreat now and gadhafi forces on the offensive, and we just heard a reporting that the rebels are not going to be satisfied just holding on to the east. they want to go all the way to tripoli. what i think is becoming apparent is they can't get to tripoli unless nato and the united states included go -- you know, do this
. >> a closer look at the map and talk more and more about those options and the risks of using u.s. military force in libya in a moment and take a close look at those air defense systems secretary gates just said there would have to be targeted before there could be any no-fly zone. first the latest on what right now on the ground if you look at the map amounts to a civil war playing out in libya. a tense and brutal civil war. these image, the green area controlled by opposition forces. opponents of moammar gadhafi. the red areas controlled by the gadhafi regime. if you had any doubt gadhafi would not use force against his own people look at these images today. the dust clouds coming up from the desert because the bombs were falling down from above. you see all this play out. these deadly bombings. where did that play outright here. cnn's ben wedeman is in eastern libya in braga. they have heard the reports but cannot confirm that moammar gadhafi is using his air force to bomb his own civilians. you got a close look at that today, did you not? >> reporter: yes, we did. we were on the road br
is the wife of u.s. daniel inouye was in toek yes. mrs. rhirano inouye, thank you for joining us. what did it feel like and how did you first know this was different, this was not just another quake in tokyo? >> well, i have been here in tokyo in my capacity of president of the u.s.-japan council, and i brought a large delegation of japanese-american leaders. we were in a hotel. i was in a hotel coming down an escalator when i began to feel the escalator and the building moving. i got outside. i was with another person who lives here in japan, and he said i have never felt an earthquake like this. i realized it was not the normal -- normal occurrence, so we stood by the side of the building and the building continued to shake. i'm originally from southern california, so i have been in earthquakes, and it lasted quite a long time. i think what has happened since then have been the aftershocks. as recently as a few minutes ago. we are continuing to feel the aftershocks. >> and as you feel the aftershocks now, as someone who has this experience, both in the united states and from your trips t
new zealand, textile production in spain, and the use of medical technology in the u.s.? at t. rowe price, we understand the connections of a complex, global economy. it's just one reason over 80% of our mutual funds beat their 10-year lipper average. t. rowe price. invest with confidence. request a prospectus or summary prospectus with investment information, risks, fees and expenses to read and consider carefully before investing. >>> president obama spoke by phone today to the british prime minister david cameron. the two leaders agreed that muammoammar gadhafi should step down, that the violence should stop immediately in libya and nato will meet to consider additional options. possiblily a military intervention. we know the white house is reluctant to impose a no-fly zone and take other military steps. where is the debate? let's check in with ed henry for the latest. does that push the administration, or are they trying to hold fast in saying let's let this play out. >> they're trying to hold fast. they say they can't be driven by what's happening on the ground minute-to minute
with a commitment of the u.s. military to impose and enforce a no-fly zone so the libyan leader cannot use his air force to attack his own people. >> i do not subscribe nor advocate ground troops, u.s. ground troops in libya. let me make that clear. there's a lot of ways to assist the libyans without that action gchlt the administration says it is moving military assets into the region in case it comes to that but says the top priority right now is the growing humanitarian challenge. and tens of thousands have already fled libya and getting supplies to them and many within libyan's borders is a daunting challenge. check out the satellite images. first this side here. this is in libya at the western border near tunisia. look at the crowds of people. you can see them if you look closely at the satellite images. now this is a tent city. look at all those tents popping up. becky anderson spent the day here. >> we hear numbers in the ballpark of 200,000 people who have left libya, the u.s. agency for international development thinks there are 90,000 or so in the camps over the border in tunisia. descri
received a message that they are working on a united nations resolution. >> reporter: do you think the u.s. is being aggressive enough? >> translator: we expect more. the white house and the international community have the means to put an end to what the libyan people are going through. >> they have the means without a doubt, i think, arwa. the question is do they have the will or see the national security interest. again, you get a sense of frustration that not only are they not getting action right away, it doesn't seem like they're even getting communication back as fast as they would like. >> reporter: yeah, john, it's been very frustrating for people here who fail to understand how the u.s. and other global leaders are not putting together some sort of a cohesive plan. it's almost as if the u.s. and the international community is debating its own political interests instead of realizing the fact we're talking about people's lives being at stake. libyan opposition leaders, everybody here in the opposition held part of the country feel as if a price tag is being put on their very lives
around. there's obviously u.s. military is continuing to do operations and navy says their operations will go unhampered although they rerouted some vessels so they are not docking where they had planned to. you have increasingly desperate situation on the ground for people in the tsunami hit areas where you have tens of thousands, hundreds of thousands of people who are now homeless living in shelters. there's increasing short supply of food and water for people. it's not -- in some towns we're getting reports that it is desperate situation where people are actually forging through debris looking for food that they may be able to find. in some of the larger cities you don't hear that but there are long lines for water. the water runs out. i was at a water distribution yesterday where the water ran out. you know, tensions are definitely rising and people are certainly concerned whether or not the government has their hands around the nuclear situation which clearly they don't at this point and are just doing the best they can. also whether or not they really have their hands around th
gadhafi out of there. >> and is there a sense of a clear u.s. strategy on the bigger picture, whether it's egypt, libya, syria, bahrain at all, or is it a case of responding to every one of these fires differently? >> well, nobody has a sense of a clear u.s. strategy, and i would venture to say that the major players in the region don't have a sense of their own strategy yet. you know, when i talked to the leaders in israel, they're still trying to sort out what's happening here. you know, they've divided the various resolutions going on between those where the army shoots, and in that case, they usually manage to put down the demonstrators and those where the army doesn't shoot, in egypt, where the demonstrators wi win. >> do those sources draw from that lesson that if you are gadhafi or you are assad and you are under siege and you want to stay in power that you have to do so with violence? >> yeah, although it's difficult to say what's happening in libya. if you look at the events today, it seems as if both sides are losing. i mean, the rebels are losing on the battlefield, and gadhaf
states has not done that, but the u.s. has established some contact with the libyan opposition. just now even as we speak, they just wrapped up a meeting, the secretary of state and some representatives from the libyan opposition. i don't know if this is going to lead to any formal declaration to that the united states is going to recognize the libyan opposition as the government of libya, but it's a significant step in and of its own. i asked secretary of state clinton if the u.n. has made up a no fly zone. she refused to say, there's going to be continued dialogue on that. at the same time, she did meet with the foreign minister of the united arab emirates, the uae is spending troops into bahrain to help the besieged king over there in the face of significant problems, significant turmoil in bahrain. the secretary leaves paris tomorrow, she's on her way to cairo and tunisia before heading back to washington. she's got a lot on her plate right now as we go forward. >> we'll stay in touch with wolf as he makes his travels to the middle east at a vital, vital time. when we come back, we'l
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